12,500 years in the making
When did man first arrive in Ireland? Who invaded Ireland first: the Brits, the Romans or the Vikings? Did St. Patrick really drive the snakes out of Ireland? And when was the potato famine in Ireland? If you’ve been burning to know the answers to these and many more questions about the history of Ireland, read on.
During the course of my studies into Ireland and it’s rich history, I found it difficult to find everything in one handy location. For that reason, I compiled this hefty infographic — an ultimate history of Ireland, from the dawn of man to present day.
I’ll give further information below, but without further ado, here’s the Ultimate History of Ireland…
Phew, you made it to the end! I know that was quite long, but it’s very hard to fit 12,500 years of Irish history into one small infographic. I’ve had to leave a lot of information out but hopefully I’ve included the salient points of the history of Ireland. If you think I’ve missed something, you can drop me a message.
Learn something new every day
After years of research, there is always something new to learn. I concentrate my research efforts mainly to the Bronze and Iron Ages of Ireland, so delving into more modern Irish history has been exciting! I had no idea that the Vikings, for example, were responsible for Ireland’s first coins in the year AD 997. Or that Ireland actually had two famines – the one we all know about (The Potato Famine, also known as The Great Famine) and a previous famine that occurred 100 years earlier in 1740-41 which killed approximately 400,000 people.
I also never knew that Ireland’s tricolour flag, the green, white and orange, was a gift from a group of French women who were sympathetic to Ireland’s cause against British rule. It signifies a unity between the Catholics of Ireland (the green of the flag) and the Protestants (the orange). The white signifies a lasting truce between the two sides.
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Sources and Citations
The research for this infographic on the history of Ireland has been extensive. A full list of sources and citations follows.
“Ancient Ireland: Life Before the Celts”
Gill Books; 1998
“Borders: The Legacy of a Century of Anglo-Irish Politics, The”
Profile Books; 2019
“Brehon Laws: A Legal Handbook, The”
“Celtic Mythology and Religion”
“Earliest Evidence of Humans in Ireland”
“Great Famine, The”
“History of Ireland in 250 Episodes, A”
Gill Books; 2008
“In Search of Ireland’s Heroes: the Story of the Irish from the English Invasion to the Present Day”
Ivan R Dee; 2007
“Ireland Since the Famine” (vol. 1)
Fontana Press; 2009
“Ireland’s Other History”
Lilliput Press; 2015
“Irish Druids and Old Irish Religions (revised)”
Bonwick, James; Buckley, Martin
Sovereign Press; 2011
“Irish History Timeline”
Irish History Links
“Mesolithic and Mesolithic-Neolithic transition in Ireland, The”
Museum of Mayo
“New History of Ireland: Volume II, Medieval Ireland 1169–1534, A”
Oxford University Press; 2008
“Pagan Ireland: An archaeological sketch; a handbook of Irish pre-Christian antiquities”
AlbaCraft Publishing; 2013
“Princeton History of Modern Ireland, The”
Bourke, R.; McBride, I.
Princeton University Press; 2016
“What have the Vikings ever done for us?”
The Irish Times